Survey of macroeconomic forecasts - November 2011

Dept 37 - Economic Policy Department
Dept 37 - Economic Policy Department

Published

  • Macroeconomic Forecast
  • Survey

Survey of macroeconomic forecasts

The macroeconomic scenario of the Convergence programme, macroeconomic frameworks of the State Budget and the Budgetary Outlook and MoF forecasts are regularly compared with the results of macroeconomic indicators survey among important relevant institutions (the so-called Colloquium). The results of the 32nd Colloquium, which took place in November 2011, are based on the forecasts of 17 institutions (MoF, MPO, MPSV, CNB, CERGE-EI, Cyrrus, Ceska sporitelna, CSOB, IES FSV UK, ING, Komercni banka, Liberalni institut, Patria, Generali PPF Asset Management, Raiffeisenbank, Confederation of Industry of the Czech Republic, UniCredit Bank). To make the survey more representative, the forecasts of the EC, IMF and OECD have been added.

The aim of the Colloquium was to get an idea of opinions regarding the expected development of our economy and to assess the key tendencies within the horizon of the years 2011-2014, with the years 2013 and 2014 seen as an indicative outlook. Key indicators and the last MoF forecast are summed up in Tables 1 and 2.

In general, one can conclude that the basic trends of future developments, envisaged in the current MoF Macroeconomic Forecast, are verified by the forecasts of other institutions.


  2011 2012
min. average max. MoF CR min. average max. MoF CR
Assumptions  
GDP of EA12 real growth in % 1,1 1,5 1,8 1,7 -1,0 0,3 1,0 1,0
Crude oil Brent USD/barrel 100 110 115 110 95 105 120 107
3M PRIBOR average in % 1,0 1,2 1,5 1,2 0,9 1,1 1,5 1,1
YTM of 10Y gov. bonds average in % 3,1 3,6 3,8 3,7 3,0 3,6 3,9 3,7
CZK/EUR exchange rate   24,3 24,6 24,9 24,3 23,1 24,4 25,4 23,9
USD/EUR exchange rate   1,38 1,39 1,42 1,39 1,32 1,36 1,45 1,35
Main indicators  
Gross domestic product real growth in % 1,4 1,9 2,1 2,1 -1,2 0,8 2,1 1,0
Contr. of change in inventories percentage points -0,4 0,2 0,5 0,5 -0,4 0,1 1,5 0,0
Contr. of foreign balance percentage points 1,2 1,9 2,5 1,7 -1,0 0,5 1,5 1,0
Consumption of households real growth in % -0,9 -0,5 -0,1 -0,6 -0,9 0,0 1,6 -0,5
Consumption of government real growth in % -1,8 -1,2 -0,5 -1,2 -2,5 -0,3 1,1 -0,5
Fixed capital formation real growth in % 1,3 2,2 3,6 2,1 -2,3 0,8 3,6 1,4
GDP deflator growth in % -0,4 0,1 0,8 0,0 0,8 1,7 3,0 1,7
Inflation rate (aop) in % 1,7 1,9 2,4 1,9 2,0 2,9 3,4 3,2
Employment growth in % 0,2 0,4 0,5 0,4 -0,5 -0,1 0,3 -0,2
Unemployment rate (LFS) in % 6,7 6,8 7,1 6,9 6,5 7,0 7,6 6,9
Wage bill (domestic concept) nom. growth in % 2,0 2,5 2,9 2,3 1,8 2,7 3,8 2,7
BoP – current account in % of GDP -3,6 -3,0 -2,4 -3,1 -3,8 -3,2 -2,3 -3,3
Table 1: Results of the survey for the years 2011 and 2012
Source: Survey respondents, MoF calculations

  2013 2014
min. average max. MoF CR min. average max. MoF CR
Assumptions  
GDP of EA12 real growth in % 0,1 1,2 1,6 1,6 0,5 1,5 2,2 2,0
Crude oil Brent USD/barrel 99 108 115 111 100 111 120 115
3M PRIBOR average in % 1,1 1,6 2,0 1,7 1,3 2,2 3,0 2,6
YTM of 10Y gov. bonds average in % 3,2 3,8 4,2 3,9 3,3 4,0 4,5 4,2
CZK/EUR exchange rate   22,5 23,6 24,3 23,4 22,0 23,4 24,0 22,9
USD/EUR exchange rate   1,25 1,33 1,37 1,35 1,30 1,33 1,35 1,35
Main indicators  
Gross domestic product real growth in % 1,1 2,1 3,6 2,0 0,8 2,3 3,5 3,3
Contr. of change in inventories percentage points -0,8 -0,1 0,2 0,0 -4,5 -0,8 0,2 0,0
Contr. of foreign balance percentage points 0,2 0,6 1,0 0,8 -0,7 0,5 1,4 1,2
Consumption of households real growth in % 0,5 1,7 2,6 1,2 1,0 2,2 3,0 2,5
Consumption of government real growth in % -1,0 0,6 2,0 -0,2 0,0 0,8 2,5 0,8
Fixed capital formation real growth in % 0,0 2,7 4,8 2,8 1,5 2,9 5,0 3,2
GDP deflator growth in % 0,9 1,6 2,6 0,9 1,3 1,7 2,3 1,3
Inflation rate (aop) in % 1,3 1,9 2,6 1,6 1,3 2,0 2,4 2,1
Employment growth in % -0,7 0,0 0,6 0,1 -0,2 0,3 0,8 0,5
Unemployment rate (LFS) in % 6,3 6,8 7,7 6,9 5,5 6,5 7,2 6,7
Wage bill (domestic concept) nom. growth in % 2,9 3,7 4,5 2,9 3,1 3,9 4,7 4,7
BoP – current account in % of GDP -4,2 -3,3 -2,4 -3,8 -3,8 -3,0 -2,2 -3,8
Table 2: Results of the survey for the years 2013 and 2014
Source: Survey respondents, MoF calculations

The main trends in macroeconomic development can be summed up as follows:

  • On average, the institutions expect GDP to grow by 1.9 % this year. A slowdown is expected for 2012, but growth should remain positive and GDP could increase by 0.8 %. In 2013 and 2014, economic growth should marginally exceed 2 %. The MoF forecast is in line with prognoses of other institutions, though it is more optimistic for 2014.

  • With the exception of 2012, inflation rate should stay close to the CNB's inflation target in the whole forecasting horizon. The one-off increase in inflation in 2012 is explained mostly by the expected impact of VAT changes. The MoF forecast differs from other institutions' forecasts only marginally.

  • A modest growth of employment, which is on average envisaged by the institutions for this year, should be followed by stagnation in 2012 and 2013. Employment should grow again only in 2014. The MoF forecast is in line with prognoses of other institutions.

  • On average, forecasts of the participating institutions see a minor increase in unemployment rate in 2012 and a moderate decline in the following years. The MoF expects unemployment rate to stagnate closely below 7 % during 2011-2013 and decrease only in 2014. However, the deviation from the average of other forecasts is negligible.

  • According to the current forecasts, growth of the total wage bill should accelerate from 2.5 % in 2011 to 3.9 % in 2014. The MoF forecast is in line with this tendency, though the wage bill growth is expected to be lower in 2013 and higher in 2014.

The next Colloquium will take place in April 2012.

 

Overview of indicators

The depiction of past and expected developments of individual indicators is shown in graphs 1-18. For the sake of comparison, consensus forecasts of two previous Colloquiums are also included. Extreme forecasts of indicators (min. and max. columns in the tables) form the boundaries of the highlighted area. The revised yearly national accounts data has been used.

 

Graph 1: Gross domestic product of EA12
Graph 2: Crude oil Brent
Graph 3: 3M PRIBOR
Graph 4: YTM of 10Y government bonds
Graph 5: CZK/EUR exchange rate
Graph 6: USD/EUR exchange rate
Graph 7: Gross domestic product
Graph 8: Contribution of change in inventories
Graph 9: Contribution of foreign balance
Graph 10: Consumption of households
Graph 11: Consumption of government
Graph 12: Gross fixed capital formation
Graph 13: GDP deflator
Graph 14: Inflation rate (aop)
Graph 15: Employment (LFS)
Graph 16: Unemployment rate (LFS)
Graph 17: Total wage bill (domestic concept)
Graph 18: Balance of payments - current account

 

Graph 1: Gross domestic product of EA12
real growth in %

Worse growth prospects, compared with the last colloquium.

Graph 2: Crude oil Brent
USD/barrel

Price of oil around 110 USD/barrel 

 

Graph 3: 3M PRIBOR
average in %

Compared with the last colloquium, monetary tightening is expected to occur later and be less substantial 

 

Graph 4: YTM of 10Y government bonds
average in %

Long-term interest rates should stay below 4 %. The estimates took a turn for the better 

 

Graph 5: CZK/EUR exchange rateGraph

Compared with the last colloquium, more gradual appreciation of koruna vis-a-vis the euro is expected 

 

Graph 6: USD/EUR exchange rate

Dollar should appreciate towards 1.33 USD/EUR in 2013

 

Graph 7: Gross domestic product
real growth in %

Temporary slowdown in 2012, but growth should stay positive.

 

Graph 8: Contribution of change in inventories
percentage points

With the exception of 2014, almost zero contribution of change in inventories to GDP growth 

 

Graph 9: Contribution of foreign balance
percentage points

Positive contribution of foreign trade in the whole forecasting horizon

 

Graph 10: Consumption of households
real growth in %

Consumption of households expected to fall in 2011, stagnate in 2012 and grow by approximately 2 % in 2013 and 2014 

 

Graph 11: Consumption of government
real growth in %

Economizing behaviour of the government sector expected. 

 

Graph 12: Gross fixed capital formation
real growth in %

Despite remaining weak, investment activity should be increasing throughout the forecasting horizon, even in 2012 

 

Graph 13: GDP deflator
growth in %

GDP deflator growth around 1.7 % in the years 2012–2014 

 

Graph 14: Inflation rate (aop)
in %

Inflation rate within the tolerance band of the CNB’s inflation target. Apparent impact of the changes in indirect taxes in 2012 

 

Graph 15: Employment (LFS)
growth in %

Modest growth of employment in 2011 followed by stagnation in 2012 and 2013 

 

Graph 16: Unemployment rate (LFS)
in %

A minor increase in the unemployment rate in 2012, moderate decline in the following years 

 

Graph 17: Total wage bill (domestic concept)
nominal growth in %

Growth of the total wage bill should accelerate from 2.5 % in 2011 towards 4 % in 2014  

 

Graph 18: Balance of payments - current account
in % of GDP

Current account deficit remaining on sustainable levels